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Global IB exam chief: how jazz provides lessons in management


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Two childhood inspirations have permeated the various profession and managerial type of Olli-Pekka Heinonen, the someday Finnish politician, policymaker and public official: schooling and music.

As he plots out technique in his new function as director-general of the Worldwide Baccalaureate system first launched greater than half a century in the past, he’s drawing on each these influences. He takes over a posh international organisation because it seeks to increase and meet the altering wants of kids and society in an period severely disrupted by the coronavirus pandemic.

“My father was a instructor and I used to be born and lived in an condominium in a major college,” he says. “I additionally studied within the [Turku] Conservatory [of Music] and for a yr was a music instructor.” Heinonen, 57, then skilled as a lawyer and — no less than as he describes it — almost each step in his skilled life has been guided by requests and nudges from others.

He was requested to turn out to be a parliamentary adviser, then minister of schooling at solely 29, earlier than he had been elected an MP. As soon as that had occurred, he grew to become minister of transport and telecommunications. From 2002 he spent a decade operating Yleisradio, the Finnish state broadcaster, however later rejoined authorities as state secretary to the prime minister.

The one place for which he ever utilized was his final submit as director-general of the Nationwide Company for Schooling in 2016. That put him accountable for a faculty system held up as a showpiece all over the world, judged by benchmarks such because the OECD’s Programme for Worldwide Scholar Evaluation, for its perception in balancing sturdy educational achievements with life outdoors college.

“My philosophy is that you shouldn’t place your belief in planning issues,” Heinonen, says. “There shall be surprises and it is best to simply go together with what evolves. The one place I’ve utilized for was on the Company. I felt it could be time to return to the crime scene of the sector of schooling.”

He cites as one in every of his best achievements the interval as schooling minister within the mid to late Nineties, when he granted autonomy to cities, colleges and lecturers themselves. He stresses the groundwork had been laid over the earlier 20 years by requiring all lecturers to have masters’ levels. That boosted their competence, embedded a tradition of fixed pedagogical analysis and strengthened their excessive standing and respect in society.

Key management classes

  • Grant autonomy — in Heinonen’s case, he devolved schooling choices to cities and lecturers themselves

  • Embrace the ‘humble governance’ idea and settle for that leaders should not have the best solutions

  • Management isn’t about one individual, it needs to be unfold all through a company or organisational system

  • Communication to create belief with employees and stakeholders is essential

“My method was to incorporate all people within the course of,” he says. Impressed by his authorities’s type of “humble governance”, he embraced the concept “on the high you don’t have the best solutions, you must contain individuals in co-developing them. Management isn’t about an individual, it’s a high quality that needs to be unfold extensively in a system. If you happen to emphasise the function of 1 individual, you might be failing.”

He says he learnt humility, but in addition the necessity to talk extra. “I’m not by character somebody who desires to be within the highlight. I’ve discovered to do this. We Finns typically talk too little. We attempt to be very exact and depart different issues out, however speaking to create belief is central.

“At first, I had the concept being in a management place meant it is best to look, speak and gown to appear to be a pacesetter,” he says. “That gained’t perform. It’s essential to be your self, the individual you might be. Authenticity is so essential, and the integrity that comes with it.”

One in all his best frustrations got here as minister of transport and telecommunications, when he struggled throughout the spin out of Sonera from the Nationwide Postal Service. Its shares rose sharply after which collapsed throughout the IT bubble. “It didn’t go as easily as I hoped,” he says. “I realised how tough it’s to mix the world of politics and enterprise. I ought to have concerned all of the companions much more strongly to discover a widespread resolution.”

He then took a break from politics, partly reflecting a must “stability work with household and restoration time”, as he says. “I learnt to at all times have extra of these issues in your life that provide you with vitality than take it away. All the time be sure to have a reserve to deal with surprises. If you happen to don’t have that sort of spare vitality, they [good and bad surprises] will take you.”

He took cost of the state broadcaster, and developed his identification as a supervisor, drawing parallels along with his experiences as a hobbyist trumpeter main a jazz band. “You create one thing new with a shared melody that everyone is aware of however with lots of room for improvisation. It’s the identical in an organisation: it is best to have just a few guidelines all people is dedicated to and depart room to create new issues with everybody by means of listening and connecting.”

He set about amassing a mix of survey information and private diaries and interviews from the Finnish public to grasp their values and attitudes, which revealed how totally different they had been from these of most of his workers. “You possibly can have a stereotypical view of issues. That led me to actually attempt to perceive our residents as prospects.”

Three questions for Olli-Pekka Heinonen

Finnish conductor Sakari Oramo conducting the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra
Sakari Oramo

Who’s your management hero?

The very excessive degree Finnish conductors Sakari Oramo, Esa-Pekka Salonen and Susanna Mälkki. I had the pleasure of seeing them in motion in rehearsals and in concert events. It’s marvellous how these professionals can create a connection on the spot, give suggestions and make knowledgeable musicians do one thing collectively that you really want them to do and do it in a approach that they’re giving their greatest.

What was the primary management lesson you learnt?

I performed music from a really younger age and a really early lesson was after I noticed how essential inside motivation is to management: with the ability to create inner motivation for a gaggle of individuals to realize one thing collectively.

What would you may have executed for those who had not pursued your profession in schooling and politics?

Music would have been one thing I’d have regarded to do, I’d even have actually loved being a tutorial researcher. The flexibility to inquire about and find out about new issues, attempt to seek out one thing new and thru that to make a distinction.

Wanting again on his experiences, he questions the notion that management centres on determination making. “Really implementation is the technique,” he says. “The way in which you’ll be able to implement issues is a really massive strategic selection. Lecturers gained’t obey as a result of any individual says they have to. They’ve to grasp why and have the inside motivation to take action. We needs to be speaking extra in regards to the idea of imperfect management: to confess uncertainty and create studying paths for the bigger system to seek out the answer.”

The IB system is at present utilized by greater than 250,000 college students in almost 5,500 colleges all over the world. It has lengthy sought to teach college students in a variety of topics with broader understanding of the idea of information and using venture and team-based work alongside “excessive stakes” remaining written exams.

To many, that displays the aspirations of many nationwide schooling reformers to organize for the challenges of the approaching century — though some IB lecturers bemoan that whereas they love the precept of the qualification, they’re annoyed with the organisation behind it and its sluggish tempo of change. Like different examination our bodies, it was criticised for the way it modified its marking techniques throughout the pandemic.

Heinonen is assured that the IB embodies an method — additionally mirrored within the Finnish schooling system — wherein “competences have gotten extra central. It’s about what you do with what you understand and educate for an unsure future we can’t predict.”

He sees “sturdy dedication to take the IB heritage into the brand new period” by employees and lecturers. “It’s not the technique, it’s the implementation,” he says. “Now we have to have that bigger jazz band making an attempt to play the identical tone and improvise.”

 

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